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  • Póster
    The impact of sleep hygiene on emotional variables and memory processes in prision inmates
    (2021) Martín, Alejandra; Bonilla, Matías; Tassone, Leonela M.; Gallo, Francisco; Forcato, Cecilia
    "Having a good sleep quality is essential for a healthy life. Lack or poor quality of sleep can negatively affect various brain functions such as emotional processing and memory acquisition and consolidation. In addition, prolonged sleep deprivation, as well as the deterioration of the sleep quality are correlated with depressed mood, anger, aggressive behavior and anxiety. The prison experience can be inherently stressful and lead to disturbed sleep patterns. In prison, the most common sleep disorder is insomnia. When left untreated, it can negatively affect daytime functioning and work productivity, and it can influence inmate adverse behavior such as exacerbating irritability or aggression. Improving sleep in prison offers the potential to positively impact several of these common risk factors for both staff and inmates. Thus, we propose a sleep hygiene treatment to improve sleep habits in the prison environment. Here, we will discuss the project and preliminary data of one-month treatment of sleep hygiene in prison inmates."
  • Póster
    Pandemia y reconocimiento: ¿Cómo impactan las condiciones del aislamiento en la memoria de testigos oculares?
    (2021) Urreta Benítez, Facundo A.; Urreta Benítez, Facundo A.; León, Candela S.; Bonilla, Matías; Flores-Kanter, Pablo Ezequiel; Forcato, Cecilia
  • Póster
    Visuospatial perception in subjects with out-body-experiences
    (2021) Vische, Alejandro; Herrero, Nerea; Forcato, Cecilia; Gallo, Francisco
    "Visual imagery typically refers to the voluntary creation of the conscious visual experience of an object or scene in its absence, solely in the mind. There are individuals who have no experience of imagery at all –their minds are completely blind: aphantasia. Hyperphantasia is at the other end of the imagery spectrum: strong and often photo-like imagery. One of the key limitations to studying visual imagery has been its internal private and subjective nature. An intrinsic characteristic of the imagery experience is its degree of vividness, the clarity and richness of the mental representation. The most commonly used questionnaire is the vividness of visual imagery questionnaire (VVIQ)."
  • Póster
    K-complex localization and classification algorithm
    (2021) Vázquez Chenlo, Aylin; Carbonari, Giulia; Carosi, Julia; Forcato, Cecilia; Ramele, Rodrigo
    "K-Complexes (KCs) are events present in non-rapid eye movement (non-REM) sleep, which have cellular dynamics similar to slow waves and have 3 distinguishing components: an initial P200, a posterior N500 and a final P900. Sleep plays a fundamental role in memory consolidation, favoring the transfer of new information from the hippocampus to the neocortex and its cortico-cortical redistribution. There are currently no studies that directly link KCs with memory processes, so they are not being considered as a possible facilitating event of this hippocampal-cortical dialogue. "
  • Póster
    The role of 20-min naps on declarative memory persistence
    (2021) Vázquez Chenlo, Aylin; Carosi, Julia; Ramele, Rodrigo; Forcato, Cecilia
    "K-Complexes (KC) are events present in non-rapid eye movement (non-REM) sleep, which have cellular dynamics similar to slow waves and have 3 distinguishing components: an initial P200, a posterior N500 and a final P900. Sleep plays a fundamental role in memory consolidation, favoring the transfer of new information from the hippocampus to the neocortex and its cortico-cortical redistribution. KCs have been postulated as mediators of the hippocampal-cortical dialogue since they recruit distant neuronal populations that do not depend on cortical connections."
  • Póster
    Performance in lineups during covid-19 pandemic: influence of lock-down side effects
    (2021) Urreta Benítez, Facundo A.; León, Candela S.; Bonilla, Matías; Flores-Kanter, Pablo Ezequiel; Forcato, Cecilia
    "Our main objective was to study the impact of emotional and behavioral variables in the witnessing processes, using a natural context that generates conditions like those of a real crime."
  • Póster
    Role of dream content in memory processing during sleep: Preliminary setup
    (2021) Pretel, Matías; Herrero, Nerea; Fernández Sande, Joaquín; Brusco, Luis Ignacio; Ramele, Rodrigo; Kaczer, Laura; Forcato, Cecilia
    "After acquisition memories are in a labile state followed by a period of stabilization known as consolidation. This process is particularly favored by sleep, where the new information is spontaneously reactivated in the hippocampus, transferred and redistributed in neocortical networks facilitating long term consolidation. Also, during sleep, specifically during REM sleep, new memories are integrated into the stored information. From a neuroscientific perspective, dream content is proposed to be a consequence of the memory processes that occur during sleep. Thus, the incorporation of elements about the learned tasks during wakefulness in the content of a dream, can predict the performance of the task after sleep. Here, we developed a new paradigm to study whether dream content related to a new word learning task correlates with consolidation of new words and integration into the pre-existed semantic networks."
  • Póster
    Non-linear susceptibility to interferences in declarative memory formation
    (2021) Moyano, Malen D.; Carbonari, Giulia; Bonilla, Matías; Brusco, Luis Ignacio; Pedreira, María Eugenia; Kaczer, Laura; Forcato, Cecilia
    "After encoding, memories are in a labile state followed by a stabilization process known as consolidation. Once consolidated they can enter a new labile state after the presentation of a reminder (cue) of the original memory, followed by a period of re-stabilization (reconsolidation). In both processes, once stabilization/re-stabilization is accomplished the memory cannot be modified. Currently there are studies that show a rapid stabilization after 30 min, while others studies show that stabilization occurs after 6h. However, there are no studies evaluating short and long delays simultaneously. Knowing that there are spontaneous waves of destabilization (without the re-exposure to keys linked to learning) on which the consolidation and memory persistence depends, here we investigate whether declarative memories in humans go through spontaneous abilization/stabilization processes after learning or if they only pass through a single time window of lability."
  • Póster
    The role of sleep in episodic memory reconsolidation: project and preliminary results
    (2021) Moyano, Malen D.; Tassone, Leonela M.; Brusco, Luis Ignacio; Wang, Jingyi; Forcato, Cecilia
    “Episodic memory is a subtype of declarative memory, defined as the ability to remember how, where and when past events occurred. Consolidated memories can be reactivated by a reminder of the original memory and can enter a new labile state, followed by a period of re-stabilization (reconsolidation). Sleep facilitates the consolidation of newly encoded memories and enhances the memory persistence 6 months after learning. It was demonstrated that a short nap accelerated memory re-stabilization of a list of nonsense syllable pairs, and facilitated the reconsolidation of the reactivated object-location memory, at short-term. Here, we aim to study the role of sleep on memory persistence of a neutral episodic memory through the reconsolidation process.”
  • Póster
    Formación de memorias episódicas aversivas durante la pandemia por COVID-19
    (2021) León, Candela S.; Bonilla, Matías; Urreta Benítez, Facundo A.; Brusco, Luis Ignacio; Wang, Jingyi; Forcato, Cecilia
    "La memoria episódica es la capacidad de recordar qué, dónde y cuándo ocurrió un evento. Además, existe consenso en cuanto a que los eventos agradables o aversivos se recuerdan mejor que los eventos neutrales y que los procesos de memoria episódica están modulados por la ansiedad y la depresión. La salud mental de las personas se ha deteriorado debido a la pandemia de COVID-19, mostrando un aumento de los síntomas de ansiedad y depresión. Aquí, planteamos la hipótesis de que el aumento de síntomas negativos modifica la capacidad de codificar y consolidar recuerdos. Para estudiar esto, evaluamos los efectos del contexto emocional en la codificación y consolidación de recuerdos episódicos neutrales y aversivos."
  • Póster
    Synaptic homeostasis and fake news
    (2021) León, Candela S.; Bonilla, Matías; Forcato, Cecilia; Urreta Benítez, Facundo A.
    "The spread of fake news has become a major problem for societies. Recent studies showed that when people are confronted with invented news, can believe and even generate a false memory of these events, and this is increased when the content of the fake material is consistent with their ideology. Further, it has been observed that there are individual factors such as cognitive or analytical thinking abilities that influence the generation of false memories. Besides, a recent study found that decision-making is a result of the combination of the person's chronotype and the sleep pressure they have at the time of the evaluation. Here, we hypothesize that people's sleep pressure when observing fake news is a predictor of the capacity to generate false memories about fake news. To study this, we developed a set of fake news that was presented mixed with real news. We discuss the results in the framework of the Synaptic Homeostasis Hypothesis."
  • Póster
    Impairment of aversive episodic memories during covid-19 pandemic: The impact of emotional context on memory processes
    (2021) León, Candela S.; Bonilla, Matías; Urreta Benítez, Facundo A.; Brusco, Luis Ignacio; Wang, Jingyi; Forcato, Cecilia
    "Episodic memory is the ability to recall about what, where and when the event happened. Furthermore, there is a consensus that pleasant or aversive events are better remembered than neutral events and that episodic memory processes are modulated by anxiety and depression. People's mental health has deteriorated due to the COVID-19 pandemic, showing a growth in anxiety and depressive symptoms. Here, we hypothesize that the increase in negative symptoms modifies the ability to encode and consolidate memories. To study this, we evaluated the effects of emotional context on encoding and consolidation of aversive and neutral episodic memories."
  • Póster
    Can we be “out” of our body? Characterization and clinical implications of out-of-body experiences during sleep paralysis: Preliminary results
    (2021) Herrero, Nerea; Gallo, Francisco; Forcato, Cecilia
    "Sleep paralysis is a period of transitory immobility which occurs during sleep onset or offset. It is characterized by the inability to perform voluntary movements when the person feels awake and conscious about the environment. During an episode of sleep paralysis can occur different types of hallucinations: The Intruder, characterized by the sense of an evil and threatening presence, visual and tactile hallucinations. The Incubus, characterized pressure on the chest and other body parts, breathing difficulties, feelings of suffocation, choking, pain and morbid thoughts of imminent death. Unusual body experiences which includes Illusory Movement Experiences (IMEs) and Out of Body Experiences (OBEs). IMEs are vestibular sensations such as the sensation of rolling or floating, and/or motor sensations of displacement without a visual component.The OBEs are an altered state of consciousness, defined as the experience in which an observer perceives the world from a point of view outside of their physical body. Unlike the other two components (incubus and intruder), during IMEs and OBEs the person may not feel body paralysis, and they are considered as more pleasant. OBEs during sleep paralysis can occur spontaneously or it can be induced with training by the recognition of an aura that precedes the experience. Here, we will discuss preliminary results of an online survey with subjects who had unusual sleep experiences, such as OBEs and Sleep Paralysis and its clinical implications."
  • Póster
    Dream content during lucid dreams and out-of body experiences, differences and similarities
    (2021) Gallo, Francisco; Herrero, Nerea; Tommasel, a; Gleiser, Pablo; Godoy, Daniela; Forcato, Cecilia
    "During sleep, humans experience offline visual content that we call dreams, which are typically emotional and lack rational judgment about their strangeness. However, during lucid dreaming (LD), subjects know they are dreaming and can control the dream content. Another type of awere dream experience is the out-of-body experience (OBE) initiated from sleep paralysis. Although the differences between non-LD, LD and OBEs are evident, there is no record in the literature of such differences in dream content and some researchers describe OBEs as a type of LD. We conducted interviews with subjects who experienced LD and subjects who had OBEs frequently. A portion of them kept a dream journal for two months with precise instructions on how to write down their dreams. The collected dreams were analyzed by automatic methods of analysis of emotions such as EmoLex and Sentisense, also with classifiers such as Empath. The dream stories provided by the participants were scored with a series of ratings using a method based on Hall and Van de Castle's dream content scoring system upon which we developed variations and additional measures to adapt to the requirements of our task. The scoring was divided into sections, hought/emotion/action, presence of entities/characters and social interactions, sensory descriptions, spatial references, fantasy content, among others. Here we present the preliminary progress of this study of oneiric content."
  • Póster
    Structural differences between non-lucid, lucid dreams and out-of-body experience reports assessed by graph analysis
    (2021) Gallo, Francisco; Tommasel, Antonela; Herrero, Nerea; Forcato, Cecilia; Godoy, Daniela; Gleiser, Pablo
    "It has been recently found using graph theory that measures of network structure can predict ratings of dream complexity, where increases in connectedness and decreases in randomness are observed in relation to increasing dream report complexity. This approach proved to be useful to differentiate dream reports in the pathological population as well as NREM and REM dream reports, but it has not yet been used to study the differences between different oneiric experiences. In this work we analyze dream reports that include non-lucid, lucid dreams and out-of body experiences initiated from sleep paralysis. The reports are presented as directed graphs, where each different word plays the role of a node, and consecutive words are connected by a directed, unweighted edge. We analyze different network measures to compare the graphs. Preliminary results presented here suggest that both local measures, such as the degree of nodes, and global measures, such as clustering and the number of strongly connected components, allow for a categorization of different dream experiences."
  • Póster
    The impact of time, age and frequency of use on recognizing personal items of our closest ones: Forensic implications. Preliminary results
    (2021) Bonilla, Matías; Vidal, Vanesa; León, Candela S.; Urreta Benítez, Facundo A.; Forcato, Cecilia
    "Sometimes people have to recognize belongings of close ones that were found in places where, for example, genocides took place. This is done in order to pinpoint a missing person's last whereabouts and in some cases because the family asks to keep with their belongings. To do this, one part of the process is asking the relatives of the missing person to identify the items. However, in some cases (e.g. the missing people during the last Argentine military dictatorship) these procedures have been put in doubt by the legal system in order to prevent errors such as two or more families recognizing the same item as their own and thus to prevent nonsense re-exposure to traumatic memories. To the best of our knowledge, there is a lack of studies evaluating our performance on recognition of clothes from close ones. It is known that our capacity to correctly recognize items depends on various factors, such as age, frequency of item exposure, level of stress, sleep, among others [1-4]. Here, we will discuss preliminary data of how different factors such as time, age and frequency of use modulate the capacity to correctly and falsely recognize personal items of close ones. These results can enlighten and help the everyday practice of organizations such asthe “Argentine Team of Forensic Anthropology” (EAAF) to make decisions about the reliability of the clothing recognition by the victim’s relatives."
  • Póster
    Wavelets for sleep scoring: a machine learning approach
    (2020) Moris, Eugenia; Forcato, Cecilia; Larrabide, Ignacio
    "Sleep scoring it a common method used by experts to monitor the quantity and quality of sleep in people, but it is a time-consuming and labour-intense task."
  • Póster
    Word learning and semantic integration: memory reactivation as a key mechanism for building the mental lexicon
    (2020) Laurino, Julieta; Forcato, Cecilia; Pedreira, María Eugenia; Kaczer, Laura
    "Analyze the contribution of memory reactivation to the enhancement and updating of words’ meaning. Our hypothesis is that reactivating a novel word´s meaning could be a key mechanism for its lexical integration and plasticity."
  • Póster
    Slow wave detection algorithm in non-REM sleep
    (2020) Carbonari, Giulia; Carosi, Julia; Vázquez Chenlo, Aylin; Moris, Eugenia; Forcato, Cecilia; Ramele, Rodrigo; Larrabide, Ignacio
    "Online detection of slow waves."
  • Póster
    K-Complex detection algorithm in non-REM sleep
    (2020) Vázquez Chenlo, Aylin; Carosi, Julia; Carbonari, Giulia; Forcato, Cecilia; Ramele, Rodrigo
    "In order to evaluate the relation between KC and memory processes our main goal was to create a method with Machine Learning techniques to characterize and identify KCs."