Ingeniería Química

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  • Ítem
    Imidazo[2,1-b]thiazole carbohydrate derivatives: synthesis and antiviral activity against Junin virus, agent of Argentine hemorrhagic fever
    (2011-01) Barradas, José Sebastián; Errea, María Inés; D´Accorso, Norma B.; Sepúlveda, Claudia Soledad; Damonte, Elsa Beatriz
    "Herein, we describe the syntheses of 3,5-disubstituted imidazo[2,1-b]thiazole. The cyclization step was performed in two different conditions by using either thermal or microwave heating. Comparing the results of both methodologies, we found that the microwave assistance is an improved alternative to obtain this family of heterocyclic compound. Compounds were first evaluated for cytotoxicity in Vero cells by MTT method and then, the antiviral activity was assayed by a virus yield inhibition assay in the range of concentrations lower than the corresponding CC50, using JUNV strain IV4454 as the model system. The most active compounds (3 and 4), showed a level of antiviral activity against JUNV in monkey Vero cells better than the reference substance ribavirin. Then, they are promising lead compound for further analysis and characterization to establish their therapeutic potential against hemorrhagic fever viruses."
  • Ítem
    On the evolution of particle size distributions during the bulk synthesis of high-impact polystyrene using PBM: Towards morphology and phase inversion prediction
    (2022-01-16) Maffi, Juan M.; Estenoz, Diana
    "The mechanism of the phase inversion (PI) process that occurs during the bulk polymerization of High Impact Polystyrene (HIPS) is studied in this article. Transmission electron micrographs (TEM) were obtained for different operating conditions, varying initiator concentration, temperature, and stirring speed from a previous work. Particle size distributions were retrieved from such micrographs, and were compared to theoretical predictions. To this end, a population balance model, coupled with a heterogeneous polymerization module, was developed. The evolution of particle growth, break-up and coalescence is discussed to assess the breakage/coalescence imbalance that is thought to occur at the inversion point. Results indicate that a different criterion for PI seems to be needed in this system."
  • Ítem
    Detection of progesterone in aqueous samples by molecularly imprinted photonic polymers
    (2022-04) Qasim, Sally; Hsu, Shu-Yu; Rossi, Ezequiel; Lin, Chung-Ho; Polo Parada, Luis; Fidalgo de Cortalezzi, María Marta; Salahshoor, Zahra
    "A label-free molecular imprinted polymer (MIP) sensor was fabricated for the detection of progesterone in aqueous solutions, by polymerization inside the void spaces of colloidal crystals, which gave them photonic properties. The prepolymerization mixture was prepared from acrylic acid as the functional monomer, ethylene glycol as the cross-linker agent, ethanol as solvent, and progesterone as the imprinted template. After polymerization, the colloidal crystal was removed by acid etching and the target eluted with a solvent. Material characterization included as follows: attenuated total reflectance-Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy, dynamic light scattering, swelling experiments, and environmental scanning electron microscopy. MIPs were investigated by equilibrium binding, kinetics experiments, and UV–visible spectra to investigate Bragg diffraction peak shift that occurs with the rebinding at different progesterone concentrations in deionized water and 150-mM NaCl solutions. The MIP response was investigated with progesterone concentration in the 1–100 μg L−1 range, with LOD of 0.5 μg L−1, reaching the detected range of hormone in natural waters. Furthermore, hydrogel MIP films were successfully tested in various real water matrices with satisfactory results. Moreover, the MIP film exhibited good selectivity toward the progesterone hormone evidenced by a larger response than when exposed to structurally similar molecules. Computational studies suggested that size along with surface potential influenced the binding of analog compounds. Due to their ease of use and low cost, the sensors are promising as screening tools for the presence of progesterone in aqueous samples."
  • Ítem
    Preparation of water insoluble carboxymethylated bacterial cellulose with maximum lead retention capacity
    (2021-06) Montoya Rojo, Úrsula; Rossi, Ezequiel; Cerrutti, Patricia; Errea, María Inés; Foresti, María Laura
    "Chemical modification of bacterial cellulose (BC) through carboxymethylation was carried out to prepare a low-cost highly stable lead adsorbent material (CMBC). Aiming to maximize its adsorption capacity, the effect of the carboxymethylation extent conferred to BC on the lead retention ability of the insoluble CMBC products obtained was studied. Results evidenced a strong linear correlation between the lead retention capacity of CMBC samples and their degree of substitution, highlight-ing a key role on the biobased adsorbents performance of the amount of negatively charged carboxylate groups available for an ion-exchange-governed lead adsorption process. Proper tuning of the carboxymethylation extent conferred to BC thus allowed maximizing its lead adsorption capacity, reaching values (i.e.127.2 mg g−1) that doubled those previously reported."
  • Ítem
    In-situ thermal aging of biobased and conventional rigid polyurethane foams nanostructured with bacterial nanocellulose
    (2021-11-02) Diaz, Tomás Joaquin; Cerrutti, Patricia; Chiacchiarelli, Leonel Matías
    "The incorporation of nanofillers and the use of biobased polyols might have a deleterious effect on the aging performance of rigid polyurethane foams (RPUFs) applied in the insulation and marine industries. To study this, RPUFs obtained from petroleum based (RPUF) and castor oil (RPUFRIC) polyols were nanostructured with bacterial nanocellulose (BNC) up to 0.3 wt%. Water immersion experiments revealed that the normalized water absorption (NWA) at the steady state was not affected by lower BNC contents (<0.2 wt%). Higher BNC contents caused a complex effect on post-cure and foaming, generating cell size expansion as well as shrinkage. In-situ DMA aging analysis revealed that the specific storage modulus (E'sp) under flexural conditions of the RPUFRIC and RPUF decreased by a maximum amount of 7.27% and 6.19%, respectively. The effect of BNC on the E'sp was negligible, expect for the case of the RPUF, where higher BNC concentrations (>0.2 wt%) caused a decrease of up to 13.69%. The previous results reinforce the hypothesis that the incorporation of BNC in both conventional and biobased polyurethane systems do not cause significant changes on the aging performance of the resulting foams, provided that low BNC concentrations are employed."