Examinando por Materia "MODULACION"
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- Artículo de Publicación PeriódicaAnalytical study of coherence in seeded modulation instability(2016-09) Bonetti, Juan I.; Hernández, Santiago M.; Fierens, Pablo Ignacio; Grosz, Diego"We derive analytical expressions for the coherence in the onset of modulation instability, in excellent agreement with thorough numerical simulations. As usual, we start by a linear perturbation analysis, where broadband noise is added to a cw pump; then, we investigate the effect of adding a deterministic seed to the cw pump, a case of singular interest as it is commonly encountered in parametric amplification schemes. Results for the dependence of coherence on parameters such as fiber type, pump power, propagated distance, and seed signal-to-noise ratio are presented. Finally, we show the importance of including higher-order linear and nonlinear dispersion when looking at longer-wavelength regions"
- Artículo de Publicación PeriódicaAnti-stokes Raman gain enabled by modulation instability in mid-IR waveguides(2018-11) Sánchez, Alfredo D.; Fierens, Pablo Ignacio; Hernández, Santiago M.; Bonetti, Juan I.; Brambilla, Gilberto; Grosz, Diego"The inclusion of self-steepening in the linear stability analysis of modulation instability (MI) leads to a power cutoff above which the MI gain vanishes. Under these conditions, MI in mid-IR waveguides is shown to give rise to the usual double-sideband spectrum but with Raman-shaped sidelobes. This results from the energy transfer of a CW laser simultaneously to both stokes and anti-stokes bands in pseudo-parametric fashion. As such, the anti-stokes gain matches completely the stokes profile over the entire gain bandwidth. This remarkable behavior, not expected from an unexcited medium, is shown not to follow from a conventional four-wave mixing interaction between the pump and the Stokes band. We believe this observation to be of relevance in the area of Raman-based sensors, which, in several instances, rely on monitoring small power variations of the anti-stokes spectral component."
- Ponencia en CongresoAutonomic modulation during a cognitive task using a wearable device(2019) Bonomini, Maria Paula; Val-Calvo, Mikel; Díaz-Morcillo, Alejandro; Ferrández Vicente, José Manuel; Fernández-Jover, Eduardo"Heart-brain interaction is by nature bidirectional, and then, it is sensible to expect the heart, via the autonomic nervous system (ANS), to induce changes in the brain. Respiration can originate differentiated ANS states reflected by HRV. In this work, we measured the changes in performance during a cognitive task due to four autonomic states originated by breath control: at normal breathing (NB), fast breathing (FB), slow breathing (SB) and control phases. ANS states were characterized by temporal (SDNN) and spectral (LF and HF power) HRV markers. Cognitive performance was measured by the response time (RT) and the success rate (SR). HRV parameters were acquired with the wristband Empatica E4. Classification was accomplished, firstly, to find the best ANS variables that discriminated the breathing phases (BPH) and secondly, to find whether ANS parameters were associated to changes in RT and SR. In order to compensate for possible bias of the test sets, 1000 classification iterations were run. The ANS parameters that better separated the four BPH were LF and HF power, with changes about 300% from controls and an average classification rate of 59.9%, a 34.9% more than random. LF and HF explained RT separation for every BPH pair, and so was HF for SR separation. The best RT classification was 63.88% at NB vs SB phases, while SR provided a 73.39% at SB vs NB phases. Results suggest that breath control could show a relation with the efficiency of certain cognitive tasks. For this goal the Empatica wristband together with the proposed methodology could help to clarify this hypothesis."
- Artículo de Publicación PeriódicaControl system to balance internal currents of a multilevel current-source inverter(2018-03) Cossutta, Pablo; Aguirre, Miguel Pablo; Angélico Engelhardt, Mathias; Valla, María Inés"Multilevel current-source inverters have proved to be a high-performance option for industrial applications due to reliability, fault-tolerant capabilities, quasi soft switching, and the use of lower filter capacitor values. One of its major challenges is to balance the internal currents that feed each module. Imbalances could be caused by manufacturing deviations of the reactive components, temperature drift or aging, nonlinear loads, and modulation errors, among others. Using the well-known phase-shift carrier sinusoidal pulse width modulation, a slight change in the amplitude of the carrier signals produces a variation in the average value of the internal currents. In this paper, we introduce a control strategy to balance the current of the inductors and its implementation in a prototype. Simulation and experimental results at different operating conditions show a robust behavior of the control system along with a low distortion in the output voltages and currents of the converter."
- Artículo de Publicación PeriódicaA direct method for the simultaneous estimation of self-steepening and the fractional Raman contribution in fiber optics(2021-06) Linale, N.; Bonetti, Juan I.; Fierens, Pablo Ignacio; Hernández, Santiago M.; Grosz, Diego"We propose an original, simple, and direct method for the simultaneous estimation of the selfsteepening parameter and the fractional Raman contribution in fiber optics. Our proposal is based on the dependence of the modulation instability gain on both parameters, as obtained from a linear stability analysis of the newly introduced photon-conserving generalized nonlinear Schrödinger equation (pcGNLSE), and requires only the CW or quasi-CW pumping of the waveguide under test and a few direct spectral measurements. Further, we demonstrate the feasibility of the estimation procedure by means of detailed simulations for typical waveguide parameters in relevant spectral ranges. Last, we discuss the range of applicability of the proposed method and compare its results, advantages, and disadvantages with a recently introduced method based on short-pulse dynamics."
- Capítulo de libroEnhanced anti-stokes Raman gain in nonlinear waveguides(2019) Sánchez, Alfredo D.; Hernández, Santiago M.; Bonetti, Juan I.; Grosz, Diego; Fierens, Pablo Ignacio"We show that, under certain conditions, modulation instability in nonlinear waveguides gives rise to the usual double-sideband spectral structure, but with a Raman gain profile. This process is enabled by the energy transfer from a strong laser pump to both Stokes and antiStokes sidebands in a pseudo-parametric fashion. We believe this striking behavior to be of particular value in the area of Raman-based sensors which rely on sensitive measurements of the anti-Stokes component".
- Artículo de Publicación PeriódicaA higher-order perturbation analysis of the nonlinear Schrödinger equation(2019-06) Bonetti, Juan I.; Hernández, Santiago M.; Fierens, Pablo Ignacio; Grosz, Diego"A well-known and thoroughly studied phenomenon in nonlinear wave propagation is that of modulation instability (MI). MI is usually approached as a perturbation to a pump, and its analysis is based on preserving only terms which are linear on the perturbation, discarding those of higher order. In this sense, the linear MI analysis is relevant to the understanding of the onset of many other nonlinear phenomena, such as supercontinuum generation, but it has limitations as it can only be applied to the propagation of the perturbation over short distances. In this work, we propose approximations to the propagation of a perturbation, consisting of additive white noise, that go beyond the linear modulation instability analysis, and show them to be in excellent agreement with numerical simulations and experimental measurements."
- Artículo de Publicación PeriódicaModulation instability in waveguides with an arbitrary frequency-dependent nonlinear coefficient(2020-05) Linale, N.; Bonetti, Juan I.; Sánchez, Alfredo D.; Hernández, Santiago M.; Fierens, Pablo Ignacio; Grosz, Diego"In this Letter, we present, for the first time, to the best of our knowledge, the modulation instability (MI) gain spectrum of waveguides with an arbitrary frequency-dependent nonlinear coefficient ensuring strict energy and photon-number conservation of the parametric process. This is achieved by starting from a linear stability analysis of the recently introduced photon-conserving nonlinear Schrödinger equation. The derived MI gain is shown to predict some unique features, such as a nonzero gain extending beyond a zero-nonlinearity wavelength and a complex structure of the MI gain spectrum. Analytical results are shown to be in excellent agreement with numerical simulations."
- Artículo de Publicación PeriódicaNarrowband and ultra-wideband modulation instability in nonlinear metamaterial waveguides(2020-11-01) Linale, N.; Fierens, Pablo Ignacio; Hernández, Santiago M.; Bonetti, Juan I.; Grosz, Diego"Waveguides based on metamaterials may exhibit strongly frequency-dependent nonlinearities. In this work, we focus on the phenomenon of modulation instability in this type of waveguide, departing from a new modeling equation that ensures strict conservation of both the energy and photon number of the parametric process. In particular, we analyse the case of a waveguide with a linearly frequency-dependent nonlinear coefficient, revealing unique features such as narrowband and ultra-wideband gain spectra and the suppression of the power cutoff giving rise to an ever-growing MI gain. These markedly distinct regimes are enabled by self-steepening (SS) and manifest themselves depending upon the magnitude and sign of the SS parameter.We believe these findings to be most relevant in the context of mid-IR supercontinuum sources."
- Artículo de Publicación PeriódicaQuasi-analytical perturbation analysis of the generalized nonlinear Schrödinger equation(2019) Bonetti, Juan I.; Hernández, Santiago M.; Fierens, Pablo Ignacio; Temprana, Eduardo G.; Grosz, Diego"The Generalized Nonlinear Schrödinger Equation (GNLSE) finds several applications, especially in describing pulse propagation in nonlinear fiber optics. A well-known and thoroughly studied phenomenon in nonlinear wave propagation is that of modulation instability (MI). MI is approached as a weak perturbation to a pump and the analysis is based on preserving those terms linear on the perturbation and disregarding higher-order terms. In this sense, the linear MI analysis is relevant to the understanding of the onset of many other nonlinear phenomena, but its application is limited to the evolution of the perturbation over short distances. In this work, we propose quasi-analytical approximations to the propagation of a perturbation consisting of additive white noise that go beyond the linear modulation instability analysis. Moreover, we show these approximations to be in excellent agreement with numerical simulations and experimental measurements. "
- Artículo de Publicación PeriódicaRevisiting soliton dynamics in fiber optics under strict photon-number conservation(2021) Linale, N.; Fierens, Pablo Ignacio; Grosz, Diego F."We revisit the complex interplay between the Raman-induced frequency shift (RIFS) and the effect of selfsteepening (SS) in the propagation of solitons, and in the framework of an equation that ensures strict conservation of the number of photons. The generalized nonlinear Schrödinger equation (GNLSE) is shown to severely fail in preserving the number of photons for sub-100-fs solitons, leading to a large overestimation of the frequency shift. Furthermore, when considering the case of a frequency-dependent nonlinear coefficient, the GNLSE also fails to provide a good estimation of the time shift experienced by the soliton. We tackle these shortcomings of the GNLSE by resorting to the recently introduced photon-conserving GNLSE (pcGNLSE) and study the interplay between the RIFS and selfsteepening. As a result, we make apparent the impact of higherorder nonlinearities on short-soliton propagation and propose an original and direct method for the estimation of the second-order nonlinear coefficient."
- Artículo de Publicación PeriódicaSimple method for estimating the fractional Raman contribution(2019-02) Sánchez, Alfredo D.; Linale, N.; Bonetti, Juan I.; Hernández, Santiago M.; Fierens, Pablo Ignacio; Brambilla, Gilberto; Grosz, Diego"We propose a novel and simple method for estimating the fractional Raman contribution, fR, based on an analysis of a full model of modulation instability (MI) in waveguides. An analytical expression relating fR to the MI peak gain beyond the cutoff power is explicitly derived, allowing for an accurate estimation of fR from a single measurement of the Raman gain spectrum."
- Artículo de Publicación PeriódicaTunable Raman gain in mid-IR waveguides(2018) Sánchez, Alfredo D.; Hernández, Santiago M.; Bonetti, Juan I.; Fierens, Pablo Ignacio; Grosz, Diego"By means of theoretical analysis and numerical simulations, we show a tunable Raman gain which may find applications in a variety of fields, ranging from mid-IR fiber Raman lasers and supercontinuum generation to ultra-wideband slow-light Raman-based devices. In particular, by analyzing the interplay among Raman gain, dispersion, and self-steeping (SE) in a full model of modulation instability (MI) in waveguides, we show that there exists a range of pump powers where the gain spectrum is not only dominated by the Raman contribution, but also, most strikingly, it can be fine-tuned at will. We present analytical and numerical results, in excellent agreement, confirming this observation. "