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dc.contributor.authorGarcimartín, Ángel
dc.contributor.authorPastor, José Martín
dc.contributor.authorMartín-Gómez, César
dc.contributor.authorParisi, Daniel R.
dc.contributor.authorZuriguel, Iker
dc.date.accessioned2019-07-01T20:13:20Z
dc.date.available2019-07-01T20:13:20Z
dc.date.issued2017-12
dc.identifier.issn2045-2322
dc.identifier.urihttp://ri.itba.edu.ar/handle/123456789/1634
dc.description.abstract"When a sizable number of people evacuate a room, if the door is not large enough, an accumulation of pedestrians in front of the exit may take place. This is the cause of emerging collective phenomena where the density is believed to be the key variable determining the pedestrian dynamics. Here, we show that when sustained contact among the individuals exists, density is not enough to describe the evacuation, and propose that at least another variable-such as the kinetic stress-is required. We recorded evacuation drills with different degrees of competitiveness where the individuals are allowed to moderately push each other in their way out. We obtain the density, velocity and kinetic stress fields over time, showing that competitiveness strongly affects them and evidencing patterns which have been never observed in previous (low pressure) evacuation experiments. For the highest competitiveness scenario, we detect the development of sudden collective motions. These movements are related to a notable increase of the kinetic stress and a reduction of the velocity towards the door, but do not depend on the density."en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.relationinfo:eu-repo/semantics/reference/doi/10.1038/s41598-017-11197-x
dc.relationinfo:eu-repo/grantAgreement/MINECO/FIS/2014–57325/ES. Madrid
dc.rightshttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.subjectPEATONESes
dc.subjectSIMULACIONes
dc.subjectMULTITUDESes
dc.subjectCONDUCTA COLECTIVAes
dc.titlePedestrian collective motion in competitive room evacuationen
dc.typeArtículos de Publicaciones Periódicases
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
itba.description.filiationFil: Garcimartín, Ángel. Universidad de Navarra; España.
itba.description.filiationFil: Pastor, José Martín. Universidad de Navarra; España.
itba.description.filiationFil: Pastor, José Martín. Focke Meler Gluing Solutions; España.
itba.description.filiationFil: Martín-Gómez, César. Universidad de Navarra; España.
itba.description.filiationFil: Zuriguel, Iker. Universidad de Navarra; España.
itba.description.filiationFil: Parisi, Daniel R. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina.
itba.description.filiationFil: Parisi, Daniel R. Instituto Tecnológico de Buenos Aires; Argentina.


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