From conceptual to logical ETL design using BPMN and relational algebra

Awiti, Judith
Vaisman, Alejandro Ariel
Zimányi, Esteban
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"Extraction, transformation, and loading (ETL) processes are used to extract data from internal and external sources of an organization, transform these data, and load them into a data warehouse. The Business Process Modeling Notation (BPMN) has been proposed for expressing ETL processes at a conceptual level. This paper extends relational algebra (RA) with update operations for specifying ETL processes at a logical level. In this approach, data tasks can be automatically translated into SQL queries to be executed over a DBMS. An extension of RA is presented, as well as a translation mechanism from BPMN to the RA specification. Throughout the paper, the TPC-DI benchmark is used for comparing both approaches. Experiments show the efficiency of the resulting ETL flow with respect to the Pentaho Data Integration tool."