Advances in alkaline water electrolyzers: a review

David, Martín Rafael
Ocampo-Martínez, Carlos
Sánchez-Peña, Ricardo
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"The renewed concern for the care of the environment has led to lower emissions of greenhouse gases without sacrificing modern comforts. Widespread proposal focuses on energy produced from renewable sources and its subsequent storage and transportation based on hydrogen. Currently, this gas applies to the chemical industry and its production is based on fossil fuels. The introduction of this energy vector requires the development of environmental-friendly methods for obtaining it. In this paper, existing techniques are just presented and the main focus is made on electrolysis, a mature procedure. In turn, some developed proposals as previous steps to the hydrogen economy are presented. Finally, some lines of research to improve alkaline electrolysis technology are commented."