Examinando Artículos de publicaciones periódicas por Autor "Acosta, Cecilia M."
Mostrando1 - 2 de 2
Resultados por página
Opciones de clasificación
- Artículo de Publicación PeriódicaMultimodal non‑invasive monitoring to apply an open lung approach strategy in morbidly obese patients during bariatric surgery(2019) Tusman, Gerardo; Acosta, Cecilia M.; Ochoa, Marcos; Böhm, Stephan H.; Gogniat, Emiliano; Martínez Arca, Jorge; Scandurra, Adriana; Madorno, Matías; Ferrando, Carlos; Suárez-Sipmann, Fernando"To evaluate the use of non-invasive variables for monitoring an open-lung approach (OLA) strategy in bariatric surgery. Twelve morbidly obese patients undergoing bariatric surgery received a baseline protective ventilation with 8 cmH2O of positive-end expiratory pressure (PEEP). Then, the OLA strategy was applied consisting in lung recruitment followed by a decremental PEEP trial, from 20 to 8 cmH2O, in steps of 2 cmH2O to find the lung’s closing pressure. Baseline ventila-tion was then resumed setting open lung PEEP (OL-PEEP) at 2 cmH2O above this pressure. The multimodal non-invasive variables used for monitoring OLA consisted in pulse oximetry (SpO2), respiratory compliance (Crs), end-expiratory lung volume measured by a capnodynamic method (EELVCO2), and esophageal manometry. OLPEEP was detected at 15.9 ± 1.7 cmH2O corresponding to a positive end-expiratory transpulmonary pressure (PL,ee) of 0.9 ± 1.1 cmH2O. ROC analysis showed that SpO2 was more accurate (AUC 0.92, IC95% 0.87–0.97) than Crs (AUC 0.76, IC95% 0.87–0.97) and EELVCO2 (AUC 0.73, IC95% 0.64–0.82) to detect the lung’s closing pressure according to the change of PL,ee from positive to negative values. Compared to baseline ventilation with 8 cmH2O of PEEP, OLA increased EELVCO2 (1309 ± 517 vs. 2177 ± 679 mL) and decreased driving pressure (18.3 ± 2.2 vs. 10.1 ± 1.7 cmH2O), estimated shunt (17.7 ± 3.4 vs. 4.2 ± 1.4%), lung strain (0.39 ± 0.07 vs. 0.22 ± 0.06) and lung elastance (28.4 ± 5.8 vs. 15.3 ± 4.3 cmH2O/L), respectively; all p < 0.0001. The OLA strategy can be monitored using noninvasive variables during bariatric surgery. This strategy decreased lung strain, elastance and driving pressure compared with standard protective ventilatory settings."
- Artículo de Publicación PeriódicaPhotoplethysmographic characterization of vascular tone mediated changes in arterial pressure: an observational study(2019-10) Tusman, Gerardo; Acosta, Cecilia M.; Pulletz, Sven; Böhm, Stephan H.; Scandurra, Adriana; Martínez Arca, Jorge; Madorno, Matías; Suárez-Sipmann, Fernando"To determine whether a classification based on the contour of the photoplethysmography signal (PPGc) can detect changes in systolic arterial blood pressure (SAP) and vascular tone. Episodes of normotension (SAP 90–140 mmHg), hypertension (SAP > 140 mmHg) and hypotension (SAP < 90 mmHg) were analyzed in 15 cardiac surgery patients. SAP and two surrogates of the vascular tone, systemic vascular resistance (SVR) and vascular compliance (Cvasc = stroke volume/pulse pressure) were compared with PPGc. Changes in PPG amplitude (foot-to-peak distance) and dicrotic notch position were used to define 6 classes taking class III as a normal vascular tone with a notch placed between 20 and 50% of the PPG amplitude. Class I-to-II represented vasoconstriction with notch placed > 50% in a small PPG, while class IV-to-VI described vasodilation with a notch placed < 20% in a tall PPG wave. 190 datasets were analyzed including 61 episodes of hypertension [SAP = 159 (151–170) mmHg (median 1st–3rd quartiles)], 84 of normotension, SAP = 124 (113–131) mmHg and 45 of hypotension SAP = 85(80–87) mmHg. SAP were well correlated with SVR (r = 0.78, p < 0.0001) and Cvasc (r = 0.84, p < 0.0001). The PPG-based classification correlated well with SAP (r = − 0.90, p < 0.0001), SVR (r = − 0.72, p < 0.0001) and Cvasc (r = 0.82, p < 0.0001). The PPGc misclassified 7 out of the 190 episodes, presenting good accuracy (98.4% and 97.8%), sensitivity (100% and 94.9%) and specificity (97.9% and 99.2%) for detecting episodes of hypotension and hypertension, respectively. Changes in arterial pressure and vascular tone were closely related to the proposed classification based on PPG waveform."