# Física

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Artículo de Publicación Periódica The evolutionary minority game with local coordination(2003) Burgos, Enrique; Ceva, Horacio; Perazzo, Roberto P. J.Más... "We discuss a modification of the evolutionary minority game (EMG) in which agents are placed in the nodes of a regular or a random graph. A neighborhood for each agent can thus be defined and a modification of the usual relaxation dynamics can be made in which each agent updates her decision depending upon her neighborhood. We report numerical results for the topologies of a ring, a torus and a random graph changing the size of the neighborhood. We find the surprising result that in the EMG a better coordination (a lower frustration) can be achieved if agents base their actions on local information disregarding the global trend in the self-segregation process."Más... Artículo de Publicación Periódica Performance of non-fibre based dispersion compensation for long-haul 10.7 Gbit/s DWDM transmission(2004) Grosz, Diego; Maywar, D. N.; Küng, A. P.; Agarwal, A.; Banerjee, S.Más... "Non-fibre based in-line dispersion compensation is employed to achieve long-haul transmission of 80 channels at 10.7 Gbit=s bit rate over 1200 km of LEAF fibre. Average system margins of more than 4 dB and small transmission are demonstrated. The additional penalty incurred by the periodic nature of the dispersion compensator is assessed."Más... Artículo de Publicación Periódica Uncertainty relation for the optimization of optical-fiber transmission systems simulations(2005) Tolisano, T.; Callegari, Fulvio A.; Grosz, Diego; Fragnito, Hugo L.; Rieznik, AndrésMás... “The mathematical inequality which in quantum mechanics gives rise to the uncertainty principle between two non commuting operators is used to develop a spatial step-size selection algorithm for the Split-Step Fourier Method (SSFM) for solving Generalized Non-Linear Schrödinger Equations (G-NLSEs). Numerical experiments are performed to analyze the efficiency of the method in modeling optical-fiber communications systems, showing its advantages relative to other algorithms.”Más... Artículo de Publicación Periódica Stochastic resonance and brownian ratchets(2005) Fendrik, Alejandro J.; Romanelli, Lilia; Perazzo, Roberto P. J.Más... "We discuss the connections between Brownian ratchets (BR) and stochastic resonance (SR). We consider a periodic potential energy landscape with no left–right symmetry that is driven by an external force which can be derived from a potential that is periodic both in time and space. We show that this system presents two thermal enhancements within two different windows of the temperature. One is associated with a ‘‘coherent diffusion’’ by which particles jump back and forth between the minima of the periodic potential in synchrony with the external driving. The other is instead associated with a ‘‘coherent directional transport’’ by which particles hop synchronically from one minimum of the ratchet to the next. We calculate the current and the diffusion coefficients and show how transport undergoes a resonant enhancement. While the former is always present, the second only appears when left–right symmetry is broken."Más... Artículo de Publicación Periódica Order and disorder in the local evolutionary minority game(2005) Burgos, Enrique; Ceva, Horacio; Perazzo, Roberto P. J.Más... "We study a modification of the Evolutionary Minority Game (EMG) in which agents are placed in the nodes of a regular or a random graph. A neighborhood for each agent can thus be defined and a modification of the usual relaxation dynamics can be made in which each agent updates her decision scheme depending upon the options made in her immediate neighborhood. We name this model the Local Evolutionary Minority Game (LEMG). We report numerical results for the topologies of a ring, a torus and a random graph changing the size of the neighborhood.We focus our discussion in a one-dimensional system and perform a detailed comparison of the results obtained from the random relaxation dynamics of the LEMG and from a linear chain of interacting spin-like variables with temperature. We provide a physical interpretation of the surprising result that in the LEMG a better coordination (a lower frustration) is achieved if agents base their actions on local information.We show how the LEMG can be regarded as a model that gradually interpolates between a fully ordered, antiferromagnetic-like system, and a fully disordered system that can be assimilated to a spin glass."Más... Artículo de Publicación Periódica Impact of DCF properties on system design(2006) Essiambre, René-Jean; Winzer, Peter J.; Grosz, DiegoMás... "The dispersion-compensating ﬁber is an important optical element of current and future optical networks. In this paper, we review the impact that various properties of dispersion-compensating ﬁbers has on the performance of optical communication systems."Más... Artículo de Publicación Periódica Why nestedness in mutualistic networks?(2007) Burgos, Enrique; Ceva, Horacio; Perazzo, Roberto P. J.; Devoto, Mariano; Medan, Diego; Zimmermann, Martín; Delbue, Ana MaríaMás... "We investigate the relationship between the nested organization of mutualistic systems and their robustness against the extinction of species. We establish that a nested pattern of contacts is the best possible one as far as robustness is concerned, but only when the least linked species have the greater probability of becoming extinct. We introduce a coefficient that provides a quantitative measure of the robustness of a mutualistic system."Más... Artículo de Publicación Periódica Experimental investigation of noise-assisted information transmission and storage via stochastic resonance(2010-05) Patterson, Germán; Goya, Andrés F.; Fierens, Pablo Ignacio; Ibáñez, Santiago Agustín; Grosz, DiegoMás... "We present experimental results on the information transmission and storage via stochastic resonance in circuits designed and built around Schmitt triggers (STs). First, we investigate the performance of a transmission line comprised of five STs and show it to exhibit stochastic resonance. Each ST in the line is fed with white Gaussian noise, and the first ST is driven by a non-return-to-zero pseudo-random bit sequence with sub-threshold amplitude. Parameters such as bit error rate (Q-factor) are measured (calculated) and shown to exhibit a minimum (maximum) for an optimum amount of noise. Interestingly, we find that system performance degrades with the number of STs as if the system were linear and impaired only by additive Gaussian noise. We then propose and build a 1-bit storage device based on two STs in a loop configuration. We demonstrate that such a system is capable of storing one bit of information only in the presence of noise, and that there is a regime where the efficiency of such a device increases with increasing noise. Our results point to the feasibility of building 'blocks' that can transmit, store and eventually process information, whose performance is not only robust against noise, but can actually benefit from it. © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved."Más... Artículo de Publicación Periódica Continuous-space automaton model for pedestrian dynamics(2011-05-11) Baglietto, Gabriel; Parisi, DanielMás... An off-lattice automaton for modeling pedestrian dynamics is presented. Pedestrians are represented by disks with variable radius that evolve following predefined rules. The key feature of our approach is that although positions and velocities are continuous, forces do not need to be calculated. This has the advantage that it allows using a larger time step than in force-based models. The room evacuation problem and circular racetrack simulations quantitatively reproduce the available experimental data, both for the specific flow rate and for the fundamental diagram of pedestrian traffic with an outstanding performance. In this last case, the variation of two free parameters (r min and rmax) of the model accounts for the great variety of experimental fundamental diagrams reported in the literature. Moreover, this variety can be interpreted in terms of these model parameters.Más... Artículo de Publicación Periódica Noise-assisted multibit storage device(2011-08-29) Bellomo, Guido; Patterson, Germán; Fierens, Pablo Ignacio; Grosz, DiegoMás... In this Letter we extend our investigations on noise-assisted storage devices through the experimental study of a loop composed of a single Schmitt trigger and an element that introduces a finite delay. We show that such a system allows the storage of several bits and does so more efficiently for an intermediate range of noise intensities. Finally, we study the probability of erroneous information retrieval as a function of elapsed time and show a way for predicting device performance independently of the number of stored bits.Más... Artículo de Publicación Periódica Optimum integration procedures for supercontinuum simulation(2012) Rieznik, Andrés; Heidt, Alexander M.; König, Pablo; Bettachini, Víctor A.; Grosz, DiegoMás... "We study numerical solutions of the generalized nonlinear Schrödinger equation (GNLSE), focusing on the advantage of integrating the nonlinear part of the equation in the frequency domain (FD), rather than in the time domain (TD), when simulating supercontinuum generation in optical fibers. We show that integration of the nonlinear operator in the FD is more efficient than its integration in the TD. We analyze different adaptive stepsize algorithms in combination with the interaction picture integration method and show that their performance strongly depends on whether integration of the nonlinear operator is performed in the FD or TD. We find that the most efficient procedure for supercontinuum simulation in optical fibers results from solving the nonlinearity in the FD and applying the recently introduced conservation quantity error adaptive step-size algorithm."Más... Artículo de Publicación Periódica Thermal effects on the switching kinetics of silver/manganite memristive systems(2014-10) Stoliar, Pablo; Sánchez, M. J.; Patterson, Germán; Fierens, Pablo IgnacioMás... "We investigate the switching kinetics of oxygen vacancy (Ov) diffusion in La(5/8-y)Pr(y) Ca(3/8)MnO(3)-Ag (LPCMO–Ag) memristive interfaces by performing experiments on the temperature dependence of the high resistance state under thermal cycling. Experimental results are well reproduced by numerical simulations based on thermally activated Ov diffusion processes and fundamental assumptions relying on a recent model proposed to explain bipolar resistive switching in manganite-based cells. The confident values obtained for activation energies and the diffusion coefficient associated to Ov dynamics constitute a validation test for both model predictions and Ov diffusion mechanisms in memristive interfaces."Más... Artículo de Publicación Periódica Permutation min-entropy: an improved quantifier for unveiling subtle temporal correlations(2015-01) Zunino, Luciano; Olivares, Felipe; Rosso, Osvaldo A.Más... "The aim of this letter is to introduce the permutation min-entropy as an improved symbolic tool for identifying the existence of hidden temporal correlations in time series. On the one hand, analytical results obtained for the fractional Brownian motion stochastic model theoretically support this hypothesis. On the other hand, the analysis of several computer-generated and experimentally observed time series illustrate that the proposed symbolic quantifier is a versatile and practical tool for identifying the presence of subtle temporal structures in complex dynamical systems. Comparisons against the results obtained with other tools confirm its usefulness as an alternative and/or complementary measure of temporal correlations."Más... Artículo de Publicación Periódica Time series characterization via horizontal visibility graph and Information theory(2016) Gonçalves, Bruna Amin; Capri, Laura; Rosso, Osvaldo A.; Ravetti, Martín G.Más... "Complex networks theory have gained wider applicability since methods for transformation of time series to networks were proposed and successfully tested. In the last few years, horizontal visibility graph has become a popular method due to its simplicity and good results when applied to natural and artificially generated data. In this work, we explore different ways of extracting information from the network constructed from the horizontal visibility graph and evaluated by Information Theory quantifiers. Most works use the degree distribution of the network, however, we found alternative probability distributions, more efficient than the degree distribution in characterizing dynamical systems. In particular, we find that, when using distributions based on distances and amplitude values, significant shorter time series are required. We analyze fractional Brownian motion time series, and a paleoclimatic proxy record of ENSO from the Pallcacocha Lake to study dynamical changes during the Holocene."Más... Artículo de Publicación Periódica Flow of pedestrians through narrow doors with dierent competitiveness(2016) Garcimartín, Ángel; Parisi, Daniel; Pastor, José Martín; Martín-Gómez, César; Zuriguel, IkerMás... "We report a thorough analysis of the intermittent flow of pedestrians through a narrow door. The observations include five diferent sets of evacuation drills with which we have investigated the efect of door size and competitiveness on the flow dynamics. Although the outcomes are in general compatible with the existence of the faster-is-slower efect, the temporal evolution of the instantaneous flow rate provides evidence of new features. These stress the crucial role of the number of people performing the tests, which has an influence on the obtained results. Once the transients at the beginning and end of the evacuation are removed, we have found that the time lapses between the passage of two consecutive pedestrians display heavy-tailed distributions in all the scenarios studied. Meanwhile, the distribution of burst sizes decays exponentially; this can be linked to a constant probability of finding a long-lasting clog during the evacuation process. Based on these results, a discussion is presented on the caution that should be exercised when measuring or describing the intermittent flow of pedestrians through narrow doors."Más... Artículo de Publicación Periódica Noise on resistive switching: a Fokker–Planck approach(2016-05) Patterson, Germán; Grosz, Diego; Fierens, Pablo IgnacioMás... "We study the effect of internal and external noise on the phenomenon of resistive switching. We consider a non-harmonic external driving signal and provide a theoretical framework to explain the observed behavior in terms of the related Fokker–Planck equations. It is found that internal noise causes an enhancement of the resistive contrast and that noise proves to be advantageous when considering short driving pulses. In the case of external noise, however, noise only has the effect of degrading the resistive contrast. Furthermore, we find a relationship between the noise amplitude and the driving signal pulse width that constrains the persistence of the resistive state. In particular, results suggest that strong and short driving pulses favor a longer persistence time, an observation that may find applications in the field of high-integration high-speed resistive memory devices."Más... Artículo de Publicación Periódica Libor at crossroads: stochastic switching detection using information theory quantifiers(2016-07) Fernández Bariviera, Aurelio; Guercio, M. Belén; Martinez, Lisana B.; Rosso, Osvaldo A.Más... "This paper studies the 28 time series of Libor rates, classified in seven maturities and four currencies, during the last 14 years. The analysis was performed using a novel technique in financial economics: the Complexity-Entropy Causality Plane. This planar representation allows the discrimination of different stochastic and chaotic regimes. Using a temporal analysis based on moving windows, this paper unveils an abnormal movement of Libor time series around the period of the 2007 financial crisis. This alteration in the stochastic dynamics of Libor is contemporary of what press called "Libor scandal", i.e. the manipulation of interest rates carried out by several prime banks. We argue that our methodology is suitable as a market watch mechanism, as it makes visible the temporal redution in informational efficiency of the market."Más... Artículo de Publicación Periódica Analytical study of coherence in seeded modulation instability(2016-09) Bonetti, Juan I.; Hernández, Santiago M.; Fierens, Pablo Ignacio; Grosz, DiegoMás... "We derive analytical expressions for the coherence in the onset of modulation instability, in excellent agreement with thorough numerical simulations. As usual, we start by a linear perturbation analysis, where broadband noise is added to a cw pump; then, we investigate the effect of adding a deterministic seed to the cw pump, a case of singular interest as it is commonly encountered in parametric amplification schemes. Results for the dependence of coherence on parameters such as fiber type, pump power, propagated distance, and seed signal-to-noise ratio are presented. Finally, we show the importance of including higher-order linear and nonlinear dispersion when looking at longer-wavelength regions"Más... Artículo de Publicación Periódica Model selection: using information measures from ordinal symbolic analysis to select model subgrid-scale parameterizations(2017) Pulido, Manuel; Rosso, Osvaldo A.Más... "The use of information measures for model selection in geophysical models with subgrid parameterizations is examined. Although the resolved dynamical equations of atmospheric or oceanic global numerical models are well established, the development and evaluation of parameterizations that represent subgrid-scale effects pose a big challenge. For climate studies, the parameters or parameterizations are usually selected according to a root-mean-square error criterion that measures the differences between the model-state evolution and observations along the trajectory. However, inaccurate initial conditions and systematic model errors contaminate root-mean-square error measures. In this work, information theory quantifiers, in particular Shannon entropy, statistical complexity, and Jensen–Shannon divergence, are evaluated as measures of the model dynamics. An ordinal analysis is conducted using the Bandt–Pompe symbolic data reduction in the signals. The proposed ordinal information measures are examined in the two-scale Lorenz-96 system. By comparing the two-scale Lorenz-96 system signals with a one-scale Lorenz-96 system with deterministic and stochastic parameterizations, the study shows that information measures are able to select the correct model and to distinguish the parameterizations, including the degree of stochasticity that results in the closest model dynamics to the two-scale Lorenz-96 system."Más... Artículo de Publicación Periódica A geometrical view of scalar modulation instability in optical fibers(2017) Hernández, Santiago M.; Fierens, Pablo Ignacio; Sánchez, Alfredo D.; Grosz, Diego; Bonetti, Juan I.Más... "Full models of scalar modulation instability (MI) in optical fibers available in the literature usually involve complex formulations. In this paper, we present a novel approach to the analysis of MI in optical fibers by means of a simple geometrical description in the power versus frequency plane. This formulation allows us to relate the shape of the MI gain to any arbitrary dispersion profile of the medium, thus providing a simple insight. As a result, we derive a straightforward explanation of the nontrivial dependence of the cutoff power on high-order dispersion and explicitly derive the power that maximizes the gain. Our approach puts forth a tool to synthesize a desired MI gain with the potential application to a number of parametric-amplification and supercontinuum-generation devices whose initialstage dynamics rely upon MI."Más...

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